ABOUT SURVEILLANCE

The Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS), the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) and Tobacco Questions for Surveys (TQS) are used to monitor the global tobacco epidemic

GATS

GATS is the global standard for systematically monitoring adult tobacco use and tracking key tobacco control indicators using a standardized protocol. GATS data is collected through face-to-face interviews using electronic collection methods. GATS aims to help countries with addressing selected demand-related articles of the World Health Organization’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) through the MPOWER policy package.

To access this information, simply explore the GTSS data by country or survey type.

PARTICIPANTS

The target population includes all civilian, non-institutionalized men and women aged 15 years or older.

DESIGN

GATS is designed to generate comparable data both within and across countries. The multi-stage, geographically clustered design also allows for further analysis defined by residence and gender. Countries that repeat the survey can make “change-over-time” comparisons as well.

TIMELINE

Fieldwork and survey administration timelines vary from country-to-country. The proposed schedule of a six to 13 week period must include a minimum of four attempts to complete the Household Questionnaire and the Individual Questionnaire.

What GATS measures:

TOBACCO USE

“Tobacco use” is defined as current and past usage; frequency and prevalence of use; amount used; and type of product used. “Use” is determined by age group, sex, income and other demographic subdivisions (both nationally and by province/region). This indicator monitors tobacco use and effectiveness of prevention policies.

SECONDHAND SMOKE

“Secondhand smoke” is defined as smoke inhaled by a person who is not actively engaged in smoking. Secondhand smoke has at least 50 cancer-producing chemicals and contributes to a range of diseases. This indicator assesses smoke-free laws and policies that protect people from exposure to tobacco smoke in the home or public spaces.

CESSATION

“Cessation” is quitting tobacco use. It encompasses user dependency, quit attempts, intention to quit, ability to stop smoking and advice from healthcare providers to quit. This indicator assesses policies that offer individuals help with quitting tobacco use.

DANGERS OF TOBACCO USE

“Dangers of tobacco use” includes providing warning labels on tobacco products; linking tobacco use to increased risk for serious illness; and anti-tobacco messaging in the media. This indicator assesses policies that provide comprehensive warnings about the dangers of tobacco.

ADVERTISEMENTS

“Advertisements” encompasses anti-tobacco information as well as the advertisement, promotion and sponsorship of tobacco. This indicator assesses policies that enforce comprehensive bans on tobacco advertising.

ECONOMICS

“Economics” includes cigarette affordability, cost and expenditure as well as the percentage of gross domestic product spent on cigarettes. This indicator assesses policies that raise the cost of tobacco products.

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES AND PERCEPTIONS

This indicator assesses knowledge, attitudes and perceptions of the dangers of tobacco use and exposure to secondhand smoke. Main topics explored include tobacco’s link to serious illness and various diseases; awareness of the Tobacco Control Act.

STORIES FROM THE FIELD

GATS

India

Recent Survey Results Show India Improved in Several Tobacco Control Measures Since 2009

GATS

Australia

Community-Based Surveys Are Informing Local Smoking Campaigns for Indigenous Australians

GATS

Ethiopia

Action Is Needed to Keep Smoking Rates Low in Ethiopia