ABOUT SURVEILLANCE

The Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS), the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) and Tobacco Questions for Surveys (TQS) are used to monitor the global tobacco epidemic

TQS

TQS is a list of 22 survey questions taken from the GATS core questionnaire that can be integrated into surveys to promote data comparability within and across countries over time. These questions can be included in any survey (e.g. health or social surveys) to get a comprehensive picture of tobacco control in any population of interest.

To learn more about TQS questions and how they can be included into a survey, view tools and resources.

PURPOSE

When monitoring tobacco use, a standard set of questions should be implemented across various surveys to maintain consistency and comparability. Given this important need, TQS was produced to harmonize and standardize the monitoring of key tobacco control indicators.

PARTICIPANTS

The questions in the TQS booklet have been developed for and tested in survey populations aged 15 years or older.

QUESTIONNAIRE

TQS is a list of 22 survey questions, grouped by MPOWER classification theme.

What TQS measures:

TOBACCO USE

“Tobacco use” is defined as current and past usage; frequency and prevalence of use; amount used; and type of product used. This indicator monitors tobacco use and effectiveness of prevention policies.

MONITOR: TOBACCO SMOKING PREVALENCE

Questions 1, 2a and 2b measure tobacco smoking prevalence. The indicators measured include current tobacco smokers, current daily tobacco smokers, former daily tobacco smokers and former daily tobacco smokers.

MONITOR: TOBACCO SMOKING CONSUMPTION

Question 3 asks about the amount of tobacco smoked by current smokers. This question measures usage of cigarettes and other specific tobacco products.

MONITOR: SMOKELESS TOBACCO USE

Questions 4, 5a and 5b measure the prevalence of smokeless tobacco use.

PROTECT: EXPOSURE TO SECONDHAND SMOKE

Questions 6-9 measure secondhand smoke exposure in the home and in the workplace.

OFFER: CESSATION

Questions 10-12 measure two concepts: (1) attempt of current smokers to quit; and (2) receiving advice from healthcare providers to quit.

WARN: ANTI-CIGARETTE INFORMATION

Questions 13-16 measure four concepts: (1) awareness of anti-cigarette information in newspapers and magazines; (2) awareness of anti-cigarette information in television; (3) noticing health warnings on cigarette packs; and (4) current smokers thinking about quitting because of the health warnings on cigarette packs.

ENFORCE: CIGARETTE ADVERTISEMENTS

Questions 17-18 measure respondents’ exposure to cigarette advertising in stores and various cigarette promotions.

RAISE: ECONOMICS

Questions 19-20 are used with cigarette consumption data in Question 3a to create economic indicators, including the average cost of a pack of manufactured cigarettes and cigarette affordability.

STORIES FROM THE FIELD

TQS

Global

Promoting Sustainable and Integrated Noncommunicable Disease Surveillance

TQS

Global

Sustainably Monitoring Tobacco Use Through the Tobacco Questions for Surveys Global Initiative