Current Tobacco Use:
ADULT TOBACCO USERS:
ANNUAL DEATHS CAUSED BY TOBACCO:
Data are necessary to implement and evaluate effective tobacco control policies. The Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) is a global standard for systematically monitoring adult tobacco use (smoking and smokeless) and tracking key tobacco control indicators.
In Ukraine, the Kiev International Institute of Sociology in cooperation with the Ministry of Health of Ukraine and National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine conducted GATS Round 1 in 2010 and GATS Round 2 in 2017.
GATS Ukraine 2010 and 2017
*Comparisons are significant at p<.05; Difference is larger than can be reasonably explained by chance and therefore reflects a true difference.
Note: Tobacco use includes both smoked and smokeless tobacco products. Users of only smokeless tobacco accounted for <1% of adult tobacco users in country.
There is no safe level of exposure to secondhand smoke. The sole intervention that can fully protect people from the health dangers of secondhand smoke is creating environments that are completely smoke-free without any exceptions.
In December 2012, Ukraine prohibited smoking in public places, including restaurants and cafes. To reinforce this message, the regional Committee of Voters of Ukraine (Комітет виборців України) and the municipal health department launched a regional campaign in Donetsk to raise support and awareness for proposed tobacco control legislation banning smoking in bars and restaurants.
When informed of the risks, most tobacco users want to quit, but few get help and support to overcome their dependence. There are several evidence-based supports that can increase the chance to quit successfully.
To strengthen cessation services, Ukraine launched a professional service to help smokers quit in 2017. The service includes a toll-free quitline staffed by professional and client-oriented consultants. They also launched a website www.stopsmoking.org/ua which provides information on smoking cessation.Visit Stopsmoking.org
- GATS Ukraine 2017
- GATS Ukraine 2017
Effective health warning labels provide health messages directly to tobacco users, which raises awareness of their health risks and increase the likelihood that they will reduce tobacco use or quit altogether.
In 2012, Ukraine required pictorial health warnings on tobacco products. Under these requirements, ten pictorial health warnings are rotated on cigarette packages and must cover 50 percent of the front and back of the packages. The front of the pack displays a text warning (smoking kills) and the pictorial warning is displayed on the back.
Tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship (TAPS) increase tobacco use. Comprehensive TAPS bans have shown to reduce tobacco consumption.
A national ban on all forms of advertising, promotion and sponsorship by the tobacco industry was signed by Ukraine’s president in March 2012. The law was implemented in September 2012 and strengthened previous bans which included prohibiting all forms of advertising in print media and also at points of sale, where the majority of consumers buy their cigarettes. Additionally, it prohibits people employed by the tobacco industry to promote tobacco products in public places.
The most effective way to reduce tobacco use and encourage tobacco users to quit is to raise taxes to increase the price of tobacco products.
Ukraine adopted a policy to increase tobacco taxes annually between 2018 and 2024. The national plan states that in 2018 the specific tobacco tax and minimum excise tax per 1000 cigarettes will increase by 29.7 percent. After 2018, tobacco taxes will increase by 20 percent annually over the following 6 years.